The current Hungarian electoral system dates back to the change of regime around 1990. It was then that two types of electoral bodies were established in Hungary: the office and the commission. The two bodies operate continuously, with the offices acting as secretariat for the commissions. The main tasks of the offices are to organise the administration of elections, to conduct elections and to deal with voters' electoral affairs and provide them with information. The offices keep a register of voters, from which the electoral roll is drawn up. Its members are in all cases officials.
The election commissions are responsible for supervising the election procedure, guaranteeing the fairness and legality of the election, enforcing impartiality, and registering candidates and nominating bodies. They also decide on applications for legal remedies, campaign activities and the content of the ballot paper and determine the results of the election. They operate with two different statuses, elected and delegated members, who have the same rights and obligations as elected members.
The following types of elections are distinguished in Hungary:
1. Election of Members of Parliament
2. Election of members of the European Parliament
3. Election of local government representatives (mayor, body of representatives)
4. Election of members of national minority municipalities
5. National referendums
6. Local referendums
Hungary's Fundamental Law provides for the holding of general elections. Voters shall vote by direct and secret ballot on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, in an election ensuring the free expression of the will of the voters. Online voting is not available in Hungary, but voters can also vote electronically for various election-related purposes, e.g:
- registration and removal from the register,
- applying for a mobile ballot-box,
- absentee voting,
- registration in the register of foreign representations,
- application for an accessible polling station,
- requesting a Braille notice and a ballot paper,
- prohibiting the release of personal data for campaign purposes,
-declaration of nationality.